MMA Root

Decisive Turning Points During the Falklands War

The sovereignty of the Falkland Islands has long been the subject of dispute between Britain and Argentina. Events came to an end in 1982, when a planned cutback to the British Royal Navy persuaded the Argentine-controlled military junta that Britain no longer had the will or ability to defend the islands. It was the result of the Falklands War, which fought over these remote islands in the South Atlantic.

Here are 13 decisive points in the conflict.

1. South Georgia (19 March 1982) – A group of Argentines, apparently on a scrap metal rescue mission, land in South Georgia and raise the Argentine flag.

2. Operacion Azul (2 April 1982) – The Argentine navy properly deploys a military force in the Falkland Islands, passing over a tiny British garrison of Royal Maurice.

3. Launch of Task Force (3 April 1982) – The Lord of the Sea, Sir Henry Leach, persuades Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher to launch a naval task force with the words, “for if we do not, in a few months we will be always in a different country that won’t have many words! “

4. South Georgia (25 April 1982) – South Georgia is recaptured by British Special Forces and the Royal Marines. The Argentine submarine Santa Fe is encrypted during the fighting.

5. Operation Black Buck (1 May 1982) – A Royal Army Vulcan bombes the runway of Port Stanley airfield, denying the use of the airfield to Argentina’s fast jets.

6. General Belgrano (2 May 1982) – The Royal Navy’s nuclear submarine, HMS Conqueror, sank Argentine cursor ARA General Belgrano. The Argentine Navy withdraws to ports and has no other part in the war.

7. Sheffield (4 May 1982) – The Argentine air force sinks the Royal Navy’s HMS Sheffield using an Exocet missile. It is the first of many British naval losses due to the Argentine air attack.

8. Pebble Island (14 to 15 May 1982) – British Special Forces raid the Argentine airbase at Pebble Island, destroying 11 Argentine aircraft.

9. San Carlos (23 May 1982) – British troops land at San Carlos Water. However, British ships come under heavy air attack from Argentina in a “bomb alley”, Argentina is unable to release the head of the British bridge.

10. Goose Green (27 to 28 May 1982) – British troops chased Argentine forces defending the settlement at Goose Green in the first major land battle in the war.

11. Bluff Cove (8 June 1982) – British troops landing from RFA Sir Galahad and Sir Tristram arrive at Bluff Cove, under Argentine air attack and suffer horrific casualties. However, even such losses are unable to stop British progress on the ground.

12. Mount Longdown, Two Sisters and Mount Harriet (11 to 12 June 1982) – These three peaks are captured by British troops in a bitter battle with Argentine ground forces.

13. Mount Tumbledown and Wireless Ridge (13 to 14 June 1982) – British peaks capture these peaks overlooking Port Stanley in the last major land battle in the war. Argentine forces at Port Stanley begin raising white flags, and the surrender of all Argentine forces in the Falkland Islands is negotiated shortly afterwards.

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