MMA Articles

Grappling: An Introduction to Submission Grappling

Grappling, in the martial arts, refers to any method of fighting that involves grabbing your opponent rather than beating your opponent. For example, techniques in combat are warlike though not typical of Muay Thai (unless you consider the clinch used in that sport).

Submission grappling primarily focuses on fighting on the ground. Submission grappling is not only counterproductive but the use of insert catches including joint locks and chokes. Joint locks may include various armlocks and leglocks. For example, arm bar submission involves hyperextending of the elbow joint. Chokes are usually “blood chokes” that involve narrowing of the carotid arteries in the neck by restricting blood flow to the brain and becoming unconscious as a result. Submission grappling can be gi or no-gi. In their fight, rivals may grab their own and their opponent’s gi to gain an advantage. In a one-gi grip, a shirt and shorts are the common uniform.

FILA (International Federation of Associated Wrestling Styles) now sponsors the submission of a submission as one of its competing styles. Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ) is probably the most popular type of insert. The Brazilian International Jiu-Jitsu Federation sponsors many competitions including the Jiu-Jitsu World Championships. NAGA (North American Grappling Association) also sponsors many grappling and BJJ tours. The ADCC (The Abu Dhabi Combat Club) sponsors the World Fighting Advocacy Championships, allowing thieves from any grappling discipline to compete in one of the most prestigious grappling tournaments in the world.

I come from a high school wrestling background. When I started learning about grappling a submission I found it very interesting. One of the first types of submission I learned about was Jiu Jitsu from Brazil. I found some similarities between wrestling and BJJ and many differences. Wrestling and BJJ are all about combat, proper positioning and leverage.

When catching up, the ultimate goal is to “pin” your opponent by pushing his shoulders to the mat. However, in BJJ it can be really advantageous to be on your back and there is no penalty. Both sports have a holding called an armbar. When catching up, an arsenal involves using your opponent’s hand as a lever to put it on its back. But, armmbar in BJJ is something completely different. In BJJ, the arm of the arm hyperextends at the elbow joint.

In warfare, a person has takedowns, escapes, reversals and skinning combinations. In BJJ, there are takedowns, sweeps, passports and submissions. Therefore, the terminology is slightly different. The purpose of enforcing the submission (eg BJJ) is to “tap” (ie surrender) your opponent.

There are many types of paste and insert.

Types of grappling include:

  • Jiu Jitsu from Brazil (BJJ)
  • Judo
  • Wrestling
  • Sambo (aka Sombo)
  • Catch wrestling (ie Catch wrestling)
  • Aikido
  • Japanese Jujutsu

BJJ, Sambo, and arrest wrestling are all about using submissions. BJJ seems to employ more armlocks and chokes. On the other hand, Sambo and wrestling seem to employ more leglocks catch. Sambo and wrestling practitioners seem to have a penchant for arrest wrestling to manipulate an opponent’s ankle joints through Achilles locks, toe hooks, and heel hooks.

Professional catering actually came from arrest warfare. Professional wrestling used to be “real” and not just script entertainment. Grapplers like Martin “Farmer” Burns, Frank Gotch, Karl Gotch, Ed “The Strangler” Lewis, Billy Robinson, Lou Thesz, and Judo Gene LeBell were the real bargain and experts at submissions. On a funny note, in a cartoon called Bugs Bunny Bunny Hugged, Bugs meets a wrestler called The Crusher.

Some modern grapplers who continue the arresting wrestling tradition:

  • Erik Paulson
  • Josh Barnett
  • Kazushi Sakuraba
  • Tony Cecchine
  • Matt Furey

Clashing and judo involves making a grip and a clinic to throw or take down an opponent. In addition, many engage in warfare on the ground.

Aikido and Japanese jujutsu seem to employ a variety of hand locks and hand locks.

Many submission grappling techniques use mixed martial arts competitions (e.g. UFC, PRIDE, Shooto, Pancrase). For example, former UFC BJ Penn Lightweight Championships in Brazil have a black belt Jiu Jitsu.

You can see grappling techniques used in various movies and TV shows including Air Force One, Under Siege 2, Fist of Legend, The Protector, The Rebel, Sherlock Holmes, Iron Man 2, St. Boondock 2, Bobby Z. and Walker Texas Ranger to name a few.

Grappling is mentioned in two ancient works of literature: Epic of Gilgamesh and Beowulf.

Some people argue that the grappling arts are good for protecting themselves.

Many grappling and submission grappling techniques can be found in videos and online articles.

Leave a Comment