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India Fights COVID-19: Serological Survey and Government’s Reassurances!

Over the last ten days India’s rise in new COVID-19 cases per day has been around just below the 10000 mark, eventually surpassing the mark as India reported over 10500 new cases in the twenty hour period. latest hour with the number of deaths per day crossing the 300 mark in the last three days. Meanwhile to gain valuable insight into the spread of the Coronavirus pandemic in India the Medical Research Council of India (ICMR) conducted a serological survey in May, 2020 in collaboration with state health departments, the National Center for Disease Control (NCDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO), India. The study was conducted in 83 districts covering 28,595 households and 26,400 individuals. The study found a few good news results and a few mixed results. Before entering the results please let us know what exactly is a Serological or Zero survey.

Serology is the scientific study of serum and other body fluids that practically involves the diagnostic identification of serum antibodies. Such antibodies are usually created in response to infection, as here the COVID-19 pandemic, or against other foreign proteins. Experts say that serological tests can be performed to diagnose autoimmune infections and illnesses to check whether a person is immune to certain diseases, and in many cases a person’s susceptibility according to his or her blood group. Serological tests can also be used in forensic serology in criminal case investigations. Serological surveys provide the most direct measure to define the immune landscape for many infectious diseases, yet this methodology is still self-cultivating, experts say. In this context India has done an excellent job in making serosurvey. If a person is positive about an antibody test under serology this means that the person may have had a symptomatic or asymptomatic infection in the past, in this case COVID-19, and must defend themselves in the future, because there is no proof that the person may get the infection again. For a negative antibody result the person may have no previous COVID-19 infection, and may need protective measures in the future.

The Director General of ICMR reported the results of the serosurvey in a recent press briefing. He first lived on the good news: in India the percentage of infected people per hundred thousand is the lowest rate in the world and so is the mortality rate (0.08%). The study also makes clear that the measures taken during the lockout managed to keep the transmission low and prevent the rapid spread of COVID-19, he said. He pointed out, however, that compared to rural areas, the risk of dispersal is 1.09 times higher in urban areas and 1.89 times higher in urban slums. Therefore, he said that large sections of India’s population are still susceptible to the infection and the country’s union states / territories should not let down their guard at any cost. He concluded with the warning that while the spread of the virus is not a concern for India at the moment the virus could come back stronger.

In another confirmation sign an official of the Indian Ministry of Health also said that the numbers in India should not be compared with the numbers of various other countries due to India’s large population and very high population density. In the context of subsequent media ‘investigations’ of hospital paws based mainly on stray cases and in selected states only, the official raised a question stating that a suspected case of COVID infection should be reported. first to that particular person’s health helpline. area and follow the instructions given for tests to be performed, when and where, instead of going directly to the hospital of their choice.

As experts around the world have repeatedly said that the killing virus is in no hurry to leave mankind alone, so must governments, the medical fraternity, the police and law enforcement authorities and the media. in India learn how to adapt to the new challenge of surviving the virus and take all precautions as indicated instead of picking, hitting around the bush and creating an atmosphere of confidence and doubt. During this period of the worst crisis ever experienced by mankind a united fight should be the motto across the country, especially in India where politics, conflicts and inevitable disagreements occur at the slightest apology.

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